|British Museum Illustrations to Young's Night Thought|
 Fear them not therefore: for there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be known.
 What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops.
 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father.
 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.
 Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows.
 Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven.
 But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven.
 Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.
 For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.
 And a man's foes shall be they of his own household.
 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.
 And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me.
 He that findeth his life shall lose it: and he that loseth his life for my sake shall find it.
It seems that Blake discerned that true friendship involved contention. Differences needed to be exposed and have their validity recognized. If uniformity were the goal there need be no interaction. Variety results not from cloning existing individuals but for combining disparate individuals.
Think of the elements which you became aware of in Chemistry class. Although there are a limited number of elements, when they interact they produce the complexity which comprises the material world of our acquaintance. When elements have opposite characteristics they combine to produce compounds which are unlike either of the originals.
Marriage of Heaven& Hell, Plate 21, (E 43)
"When he had so spoken: I beheld the Angel who stretched out
his arms embracing the flame of fire & he was consumed and arose as Elijah. Note. This Angel, who is now become a Devil, is my particular friend: we often read the Bible together in its infernal or diabolical sense which the world shall have if they behave well I have also: The Bible of Hell: which the world shall have whether they will or no. One Law for the Lion & Ox is Oppression"
Milton, Plate 30 , (E129) "MILTON: BOOK THE SECOND There is a place where Contrarieties are equally True This place is called Beulah, It is a pleasant lovely Shadow Where no dispute can come. Because of those who Sleep. Into this place the Sons & Daughters of Ololon descended With solemn mourning into Beulahs moony shades & hills Weeping for Milton: mute wonder held the Daughters of Beulah Enrapturd with affection sweet and mild benevolence"
Milton, Plate 41 , (E 143) "Then trembled the Virgin Ololon & replyd in clouds of despair Is this our Feminine Portion the Six-fold Miltonic Female Terribly this Portion trembles before thee O awful Man Altho' our Human Power can sustain the severe contentions Of Friendship, our Sexual cannot: but flies into the Ulro. Hence arose all our terrors in Eternity! & now remembrance Returns upon us! are we Contraries O Milton, Thou & I O Immortal! how were we led to War the Wars of Death Is this the Void Outside of Existence, which if enterd into PLATE 42  Becomes a Womb? & is this the Death Couch of Albion Thou goest to Eternal Death & all must go with thee"
Jerusalem, Plate 38 ,(E 185) "And the two Sources of Life in Eternity[,] Hunting and War, Are become the Sources of dark & bitter Death & of corroding Hell: The open heart is shut up in integuments of frozen silence That the spear that lights it forth may shatter the ribs & bosom A pretence of Art, to destroy Art: a pretence of Liberty To destroy Liberty. a pretence of Religion to destroy Religion Oshea and Caleb fight: they contend in the valleys of Peor In the terrible Family Contentions of those who love each other: The Armies of Balaam weep---no women come to the field Dead corses lay before them, & not as in Wars of old. For the Soldier who fights for Truth, calls his enemy his brother: They fight & contend for life, & not for eternal death! But here the Soldier strikes, & a dead corse falls at his feet Nor Daughter nor Sister nor Mother come forth to embosom the Slain! But Death! Eternal Death! remains in the Valleys of Peor." Jerusalem, Plate 91 (E 251) "I have tried to make friends by corporeal gifts but have only Made enemies: I never made friends but by spiritual gifts; By severe contentions of friendship & the burning fire of thought. He who would see the Divinity must see him in his Children One first, in friendship & love; then a Divine Family, & in the midst Jesus will appear; so he who wishes to see a Vision; a perfect Whole Must see it in its Minute Particulars; Organized & not as thou O Fiend of Righteousness pretendest; thine is a Disorganized And snowy cloud: brooder of tempests & destructive War" Vision of Last Judgment, (E 554) "The Last Judgment when all those are Cast away who trouble Religion with Questions concerning Good & Evil or Eating of the Tree of those Knowledges or Reasonings which hinder the Vision of God turning all into a Consuming fire When Imaginative Art & Science & all Intellectual Gifts all the Gifts of the Holy Ghost are [despisd] lookd upon as of no use & only Contention remains to Man then the Last Judgment begins & its Vision is seen by the [Imaginative Eye] of Every one according to the situation he holds" Marriage of Heaven & Hell, Plate 20, (E 42) So the Angel said: thy phantasy has imposed upon me & thou oughtest to be ashamed. I answerd: we impose on one another, & it is but lost time to converse with you whose works are only Analytics. Opposition is true Friendship." Milton, Plate 31 , (E 130] "And all the Living Creatures of the Four Elements, wail'd With bitter wailing: these in the aggregate are named Satan And Rahab: they know not of Regeneration, but only of Generation The Fairies, Nymphs, Gnomes & Genii of the Four Elements Unforgiving & unalterable: these cannot be Regenerated But must be Created, for they know only of Generation These are the Gods of the Kingdoms of the Earth: in contrarious And cruel opposition: Element against Element, opposed in War Not Mental, as the Wars of Eternity, but a Corporeal Strife" Milton, Plate 49, (E 199) "Learn therefore O Sisters to distinguish the Eternal Human That walks about among the stones of fire in bliss & woe Alternate! from those States or Worlds in which the Spirit travels: This is the only means to Forgiveness of Enemies Therefore remove from Albion these terrible Surfaces And let wild seas & rocks close up Jerusalem away from PLATE 50 The Atlantic Mountains where Giants dwelt in Intellect; Now given to stony Druids, and Allegoric Generation To the Twelve Gods of Asia, the Spectres of those who Sleep: Sway'd by a Providence oppos'd to the Divine Lord Jesus: A murderous Providence! A Creation that groans, living on Death. Where Fish & Bird & Beast & Man & Tree & Metal & Stone Live by Devouring, going into Eternal Death continually: Albion is now possess'd by the War of Blood! the Sacrifice Of envy Albion is become, and his Emanation cast out: Come Lord Jesus, Lamb of God descend! for if; O Lord!" Jerusalem, Plate 74, (E 229) I walk up and down in Six Thousand Years: their Events are present before me To tell how Los in grief & anger, whirling round his Hammer on high Drave the Sons & Daughters of Albion from their ancient mountains They became the Twelve Gods of Asia Opposing the Divine Vision The Sons of Albion are Twelve: the Sons of Jerusalem Sixteen I tell how Albions Sons by Harmonies of Concords & Discords Opposed to Melody, and by Lights & Shades, opposed to Outline And by Abstraction opposed to the Visions of Imagination By cruel Laws divided Sixteen into Twelve Divisions How Hyle roofd Los in Albions Cliffs by the Affections rent Asunder & opposed to Thought, to draw Jerusalems Sons Into the Vortex of his Wheels. therefore Hyle is called Gog Age after age drawing them away towards Babylon Babylon, the Rational Morality deluding to death the little ones Vision of Last Judgment, (E 565) "Forgiveness of Sin is only at the Judgment Seat of Jesus the Saviour where the Accuser is cast out. not because he Sins but because he torments the Just & makes them do what he condemns as Sin & what he knows is opposite to their own Identity It is not because Angels are Holier than Men or Devils that makes them Angels but because they do not Expect Holiness from one another but from God only"Your time will be well spent in reading this Thesis presented to the Department of English at McGill University by Donna Lynn George: The Severe Contentions of Friendship: Blake's System of Contraries and Negations in Marriage of Heaven and Hell, Milton, and Jerusalem.
"It is interesting that Blake uses the term "friendship" to describe the ideal relationship between men and women for it implies a degree of equality which few men can admit for it goes far beyond the male ego level of development." (Page 72)
"Blake's system of contraries and negations is never conveniently summarized by Blake in one concise model. The complexity of the system must be experienced by the reader in the minute particulars of the entire canon. That this Herculean task is Most probably never completed ironically demonstrates the manner in which Blake's non-system operates. Blake-Los is continually "Striving with Systems to deliver Individuals from those Systems" (Jerusalem Plate 11, 5, p. 630). The entelechy of any system is an abstract, olympianized, logical, operator; however, Blake never reached that heretical point because the bare bones of his message cannot be abstracted from the flesh they informed. It is always tempting to abstract a complete model of the doctrine of contraries but to do so is to discover the reasoning negation: "God forbid that Truth should be Confined to Mathematica1 Demonstration"·: (Annotations ~ Reynolds, p. 474). There is no state in Blake's system which transcends the "severe contentions/Of Friendship" (Milton Plate 41, 32-33, pp. 533-534) consisting in the dialectical relationship of an identity and his emanation, the ultimate contraries. (Page 77)