In the post Urthona we saw that Blake created an image in the Book of Urizen which portrayed the four Elements as four faces of man. Blake reused the same copper plate to make modified images. The man emerging from the depths of a dark body of water later was pictured in an engraving in which he was alone. In the Small Book of Designs which he printed for his friend Ozias Humphery, Blake included this image which was a prototype for the Zoa Tharmas immersed in the water of materiality.
Small Book of Designs
Four Zoas, Night I, PAGE 4, (E 301) "In Eden; in the Auricular Nerves of Human life Which is the Earth of Eden, he his Emanations propagated Fairies of Albion afterwards Gods of the Heathen, Daughter of Beulah Sing His fall into Division & his Resurrection to Unity His fall into the Generation of Decay & Death & his Regeneration by the Resurrection from the dead Begin with Tharmas Parent power. darkning in the West Lost! Lost! Lost! are my Emanations Enion O Enion We are become a Victim to the Living We hide in secret I have hidden Jerusalem in Silent Contrition O Pity Me I will build thee a Labyrinth also O pity me O Enion Why hast thou taken sweet Jerusalem from my inmost Soul Let her Lay secret in the Soft recess of darkness & silence It is not Love I bear to [Jerusalem] It is Pity She hath taken refuge in my bosom & I cannot cast her out. The Men have recieved their death wounds & their Emanations are fled To me for refuge & I cannot turn them out for Pitys sake Enion said--Thy fear has made me tremble thy terrors have surrounded me All Love is lost Terror succeeds & Hatred instead of Love And stern demands of Right & Duty instead of Liberty. Once thou wast to Me the loveliest son of heaven--But now Why art thou Terrible and yet I love thee in thy terror till I am almost Extinct & soon shall be a Shadow in Oblivion Unless some way can be found that I may look upon thee & live Hide me some Shadowy semblance. secret whispring in my Ear In secret of soft wings. in mazes of delusive beauty I have lookd into the secret soul of him I lovd And in the Dark recesses found Sin & cannot return Trembling & pale sat Tharmas weeping in his clouds"
Gates of Paradise
Copy B, Plate 6
Four Zoas, Night I, Page 5, (E 302)
"Tharmas groand among his Clouds Weeping, then bending from his Clouds he stoopd his innocent head
And stretching out his holy hand in the vast Deep sublime Turnd round the circle of Destiny with tears & bitter sighs And said. Return O Wanderer when the Day of Clouds is oer"
Book of Urizen
Book of Urizen, Plate 5, (E 72) "In living creations appear'd In the flames of eternal fury. 3. Sund'ring, dark'ning, thund'ring! Rent away with a terrible crash Eternity roll'd wide apart Wide asunder rolling Mountainous all around Departing; departing; departing: Leaving ruinous fragments of life Hanging frowning cliffs & all between An ocean of voidness unfathomable."