Cain Fleeing from the Wrath of God
 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD.
 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD.
 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering:
 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen?
 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.
 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.
 And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother's keeper?
 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.
 And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;
 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.
 And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment is greater than I can bear.
 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.
Cain and Abel fit into the categories of wrath and pity, or of the Reprobate and the Redeemed, of the rebel and the conformist. Blake represented them as Rintrah and Palamabron. Rintrah was perpetually outside of 'acceptable' behavior, that is the conventions of society. Palamabron was too timid to break out of the patterns expected of him.
The contentions between the two brothers were stirred up by the third brother Satan who was given leave to change the relationships and duties within the family structure.
Blake presented characters and situations for us to consider as external facts, but it is up to us to discern the inner realities. The account of Cain and Abel, too, is presented as a story about people who lived when civilization was beginning. But they also represent internal realities which are active within our psyches. We have within ourselves Cain and Abel, Rintrah and Palamabron. Within us too are the Lord and Satan contending over our perceptions and our behaviors.
Europe, Plate 8, (E 61) "Arise O Rintrah eldest born: second to none but Orc: O lion Rintrah raise thy fury from thy forests black: Bring Palamabron horned priest, skipping upon the mountains: And silent Elynittria the silver bowed queen: Rintrah where hast thou hid thy bride! Weeps she in desart shades? Alas my Rintrah! bring the lovely jealous Ocalythron. Arise my son! bring all thy brethren O thou king of fire. Prince of the sun I see thee with thy innumerable race: Thick as the summer stars: But each ramping his golden mane shakes, And thine eyes rejoice because of strength O Rintrah furious king."
Milton, Plate 7, (E 99) "The first, The Elect from before the foundation of the World: The second, The Redeem'd. The Third, The Reprobate & form'd To destruction from the mothers womb: follow with me my plow! Of the first class was Satan: with incomparable mildness; His primitive tyrannical attempts on Los: with most endearing love He soft intreated Los to give to him Palamabrons station; For Palamabron returnd with labour wearied every evening Palamabron oft refus'd; and as often Satan offer'd His service till by repeated offers and repeated intreaties Los gave to him the Harrow of the Almighty; alas blamable Palamabron. fear'd to be angry lest Satan should accuse him of Ingratitude, & Los believe the accusation thro Satans extreme Mildness. Satan labour'd all day. it was a thousand years In the evening returning terrified overlabourd & astonish'd Embrac'd soft with a brothers tears Palamabron, who also wept Mark well my words! they are of your eternal salvation Next morning Palamabron rose: the horses of the Harrow Were maddend with tormenting fury, & the servants of the Harrow The Gnomes, accus'd Satan, with indignation fury and fire. Then Palamabron reddening like the Moon in an eclipse, Spoke saying, You know Satans mildness and his self-imposition, Seeming a brother, being a tyrant, even thinking himself a brother While he is murdering the just; prophetic I behold His future course thro' darkness and despair to eternal death But we must not be tyrants also! he hath assum'd my place For one whole day, under pretence of pity and love to me: My horses hath he maddend! and my fellow servants injur'd: How should he[,] he[,] know the duties of another? O foolish forbearance Would I had told Los, all my heart! but patience O my friends. All may be well: silent remain, while I call Los and Satan."
Milton, Plate 8, (E 101) "Mean while wept Satan before Los, accusing Palamabron; Himself exculpating with mildest speech. for himself believ'd That he had not opress'd nor injur'd the refractory servants."MIlton, Plate 14 , (E 108)
"I in my Selfhood am that Satan: I am that Evil One!
He is my Spectre! in my obedience to loose him from my Hells
To claim the Hells, my Furnaces, I go to Eternal Death."