Wikipedia Commons Original in Library of Congress Book of Urizen Copy G, Plate 16
Songs of Innocence, Song 32, (E 19) "Love seeketh not Itself to please, Nor for itself hath any care; But for another gives its ease, And builds a Heaven in Hells despair."Blake sought to translate 'The Four Faces of Man' in Eternity into expressions in the world in which we live. His goal was to build a 'Heaven in Hells despair.' He sought to remove the impediments which prevent the eternal dimensions of Music, Poetry, Painting and Architecture from becoming apparent in himself, in his London and in his earthly home.
Each of the Faces of Man derived from one of the Zoas into which the total man could be analyzed for the sake of connecting the mind to the panoply of existence.
Four Faces of Man:
Music - Luvah - emotion
Poetry - Urthona - imagination
Painting - Tharmas - senses
Architecture - Urizen - reason
Milton, Plate 27 , (E 125) "But in Eternity the Four Arts: Poetry, Painting, Music, And Architecture which is Science: are the Four Faces of Man. Not so in Time & Space: there Three are shut out, and only Science remains thro Mercy: & by means of Science, the Three Become apparent in time & space, in the Three Professions Poetry in Religion: Music, Law: Painting, in Physic & Surgery: That Man may live upon Earth till the time of his awaking, And from these Three, Science derives every Occupation of Men. And Science is divided into Bowlahoola & Allamanda."Music is the manifestation of Luvah.
Four Zoas, Night IX, Page 134, (E 403) "Attempting to be more than Man We become less said Luvah As he arose from the bright feast drunk with the wine of ages His crown of thorns fell from his head he hung his living Lyre Behind the seat of the Eternal Man & took his way Sounding the Song of Los descending to the Vineyards brightPoetry is the manifestation of Urthona.
Vision of Last Judgment, (E 554) "The Last Judgment is not Fable or Allegory but Vision[.] Fable or Allegory are a totally distinct & inferior kind of Poetry. Vision or Imagination is a Representation of what Eternally Exists. Really & Unchangeably. Fable or Allegory is Formd by the Daughters of Memory. Imagination is Surrounded by the daughters of Inspiration who in the aggregate are calld Jerusalem" Annotations to Wordsworth, (E 665) "One Power alone makes a Poet.-Imagination The Divine Vision" Painting is the manifestation of Tharmas.
Descriptive Catalogue, (E 541) "Poetry consists in these conceptions; and shall Painting be confined to the sordid drudgery of facsimile representations of merely mortal and perishing substances, and not be as poetry and music are, elevated into its own proper sphere of invention and visionary conception? No, it shall not be so! Painting, as well as poetry and music, exists and exults in immortal thoughts."Architecture is the manifestation of Urizen.
On Virgil, (E 270) "Mathematic Form is Eternal in the Reasoning Memory. Living Form is Eternal Existence. Grecian is Mathematic Form Gothic is Living Form"