Sunday, November 17, 2013

Bible3 Devil

For Blake as well as in the Bible Evil is sometimes called 
the Serpent and sometimes the Devil and sometimes Satan.
In the Old Testament 'devils' appears three times in the Pentateuch and once in Psalms.

In the N.T. the outstanding use of the Devil came in Matthew:


  1. [1] Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.
  2. [5] Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple,
  3. [8] Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;
  4. [11] Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.
  5. [24] And his fame went throughout all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them.

Notice that we read about the Devil in the Temptation of Jesus, but devils regarding the healings.

How Blake used Devil, etc.

PLATE 4 of The Marriage of Heaven and Hell:
(This is an atypical use of the word Devil, written when Blakespoke as an angry young man.)

The voice of the Devil
All Bibles or sacred codes. have been the causes of the
following Errors.
  1. That Man has two real existing principles Viz: a Body & a
  2. That Energy. calld Evil. is alone from the Body. & that
Reason. calld Good. is alone from the Soul.
  3. That God will torment Man in Eternity for following his
  But the following Contraries to these are True
  1 Man has no Body distinct from his Soul for that calld Body is
a portion of Soul discernd by the five Senses. the chief inlets
of Soul in this age
  2. Energy is the only life and is from the Body and Reason is
the bound or outward circumference of Energy.
  3 Energy is Eternal Delight

He had more to say about it in Plate 6 of MHH.
After MHH the Devil represented more conventional meanings.

The epitome of Evil in Blake occurs in the"Great Red Dragon
with Seven heads & ten Horns [who] Satans
of Accusations lying on the rock open before him>"
(Blake's Last Judgment; Erdman 558)
(From Revelation)

Commons Wikipedia

The Devil is the Mind of the Natural Frame  Annotations Bacon75; E625 This work (Erdman 620-32) is well worth reading.Blake cordially despised Bacon's thought re the natural and mechanical 'frame' of the universe.  
[Epilogue to Gates of Paradise]
  To The Accuser Who is
  The God of This World

Truly My Satan thou art but a Dunce
And dost not know the Garment from the Man
Every Harlot was a Virgin once
Nor canst thou ever change Kate into Nan

Tho thou art Worshipd by the Names Divine         
Of Jesus & Jehovah thou art still
The Son of Morn in weary Nights decline
The lost Travellers Dream under the Hill (Erdman 269)

Jerusalem PLATE 77:                                                 
To the Christians
  Devils are             
False Religions            
(Erdman 231)

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